Vietnam reaffirms the importance of freedom of navigation and overflight in the East Sea | World

The 32nd Meeting of States Parties to UNCLOS is being held at UN Headquarters in New York from June 13-17. (Photo: VNA)

New York (VNA) – Vietnam affirmed the need to maintain peace, security and freedom of navigation and overflight in the East Sea while attending the 32nd Meeting of States Parties to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The meeting, held at UN Headquarters in New York from June 13-17, considered reports from agencies established under UNCLOS, such as the International Tribunal for law of the sea, the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) and the International Seabed Authority, as well as procedural, budgetary and personnel matters of these bodies. It also elected the members of the CLPC.

Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang, Permanent Representative of Vietnam to the UN, reaffirmed that UNCLOS, as the “constitution of the oceans”, is the legal framework for all activities in the oceans and seas and also the only legal basis for fully and comprehensively identifying the extent of countries’ rights to maritime areas.

Regarding the East Sea question, he maintained that peace and development of the region and the international community are linked to the maintenance of peace, security and freedom of navigation and overflight in the waters.

Stressing the importance of the full and comprehensive implementation of the Declaration on the Conduct of the Parties in the East Sea (DOC), Giang called for all disputes to be resolved through peaceful means, based on international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and UNCLOS, with due respect for diplomatic and judicial procedures, and without the use of force or the threat of the use of force.

Vietnam reaffirms importance of freedom of navigation and overflight in East Sea hinh anh 2Ambassador Dang Hoang Giang speaks during the meeting. (Photo: VNA)

He also informed about the state of negotiations on a code of conduct (COC) in the East Sea.

The diplomat shared the view on the sea-related challenges highlighted in the United Nations Secretary-General’s report, in particular the negative impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on ocean problems, including the worsening of many existing or emerging maritime issues such as marine biodiversity, migration, and climate change.

In view of this, he stressed that international cooperation on the basis of UNCLOS is of great importance to face these challenges.

In his remarks, Giang also highlighted Vietnam’s view that when developing solutions to challenges, it is necessary to pay due attention to capacity, technology transfer and financial assistance. to developing countries, and that Vietnam supports UN initiatives on promoting the use of science. and techniques for using the oceans sustainably.

During the June 16 discussion on the UN Secretary-General’s report on issues related to seas and oceans, the activities of UN agencies and international cooperation last year, participants highlighted the demand for to join UNCLOS, to strengthen regional and international cooperation in the field of seas and oceans -related issues, in responding to challenges such as marine pollution and climate change, and in contributing to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal 14 on the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans, seas and marine resources.

Effective November 16, 1994, UNCLOS has been ratified by 168 States and international organizations. Fourteen other states have signed but not yet ratified the convention./.

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