Who is Professor Neena Gupta? The fourth Indian mathematician to receive the Ramanujan Prize for young mathematicians

New Delhi: Neena Gupta, professor and mathematician at the Indian Institute of Statistics in Calcutta, received the 2021 DST-ICTP-IMU Ramanujan Prize for Young Mathematicians in Developing Countries for her outstanding work in Affine Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra. She is the fourth Indian mathematician to receive the prestigious award.

Gupta is the third woman to receive the Ramanujan Prize, the Union Science and Technology Ministry said in a statement. The Ramanujan Prize was first awarded in 2005 and is administered by the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in conjunction with the Department of Science and Technology (DST), the Government of India and the International Mathematical Union. Prior to Gupta, Indian mathematicians Ramdorai Sujatha, Amalendu Krishna and Ritabrata Munshi received the award in 2006, 2015 and 2018 respectively.

The prize is awarded each year to an eminent mathematician under the age of 45 on December 31 of the same year and having carried out exceptional research in developing countries.

The Ramanujan Prize committee, made up of eminent mathematicians from around the world, praised Gupta and said his work “shows impressive algebraic skills and inventiveness,” according to a statement from the Ministry of Science and Technology. Union technology.

In 2019, Gupta was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology.

Zariski’s cancellation problem is a fundamental problem in algebraic geometry. Gupta had provided the solution to this problem, which won him the 2014 Young Scientist Award from the National Academy of Sciences of India. Quoting Gupta in an interview she gave to an American university, the Union Department statement said, “The cancellation problem asks that if you have cylinders on two geometric structures and have similar shapes, can we conclude that the original basic structures have similar shapes. ? “

The National Academy of Sciences of India described its solution as “one of the best works of algebraic geometry in recent years done anywhere.”

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